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The account of the weeks of pregnancy starts when the egg is not yet fertilized by the sperm and the woman is not yet pregnant: the first week of pregnancy begins with the last menstruation, according to the calculation of  the gestational age method  which is more precise with respect to conceptional age , with which instead the calculation starts from the first day after conception. In any case, already from this moment, especially for those looking for a child, it is good to start preparing your body to welcome a new life. Women who are looking for a pregnancy should start with some tricks to better prepare for future changes. First of all it is advisable to book a visit to your gynecologist . It is then appropriate to take care of one’s diet as much as possible and take care of one’s psychophysical well-being. It is essential to stop smoking, as in addition to being harmful to health, smoking reduces a woman’s fertility, and does not take drugs or alcohol. The experts then advise starting to take folic acid , which helps the development of the fetus and prevents some serious diseases. The comparison with your partner is important in the search for a pregnancy, since the change will affect both parents .


first week of pregnancy

As mentioned, during what is counted (a posteriori, ie when the woman is confirmed to be pregnant) as in the first week of pregnancy the egg is not yet fertilized and the spermatozoon has not even begun its journey. The first week is counted starting from the first day of the last menstruation, which, for quite a while, will also be the last. At this moment the egg is preparing to move from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes: here, at the right time, it will receive the spermatozoon. It will take 14 days for it to happen: in this period of time the body is increasing the production of a hormone, called FSH (follicle-stimulating), deputy to nourish the eggs. The eggs that are currently maturing inside the ovaries are anchored to the follicles (which are producing estrogen to increase blood circulation inside the uterus and make the endometrium more often to hold the implant of the fertilized egg) and are slowly moving towards the surface of the ovaries. Not all follicles will pass this phase: only one, called the dominant follicle , will release the egg when the time comes.


At this stage the egg has not yet been fertilized, but the path to birth begins here. For this reason it is important that the future mother start right now to take care of her own well-being and keep her health monitored, asking her gynecologist for a consultation, to trace the medical history of the patient and her partner and highlight any familiarity with specific pathologies that could be harmful to the mother and her child.


During this first informative visit, called ” preconception “, the gynecologist prescribes some screening tests to the woman in order to build a clinical picture in view of pregnancy. Among the tests prescribed at this time there is the blood count (the “classic” blood tests with which it is possible to highlight an eventual anemia or other anomalies that could affect pregnancy) to which are added the Pap smear, the HIV test, chlamydia test and others possibly prescribed by the same professional.

Pap test : this is a non-invasive test that serves to detect the presence of abnormal cells inside the cervix and allows the detection of inflammation or precancerous or cancerous lesions.

HIV test : a simple blood test can detect the presence of the acquired immunodeficiency virus (known as HIV), which compromises the immune system and can also be transmitted to the child

Chlamydia test : it allows to identify, by vaginal swab or urine test, the presence of a particular sexually transmissible bacterium, usually asymptomatic, which can cause some infections to the newborn

Toxotest : is the test that detects the presence of the toxoplasmosis virus, which generally does not give particular complications but which, if contracted in pregnancy, can have serious consequences for the development of the fetus. Before a pregnancy the doctor can also perform a pelvic ultrasound and recommend the Rubeo test for rubella which, if contracted during pregnancy, can seriously affect the development of the fetus.


From these first moments it is important for a woman who is preparing for a pregnancy to adopt healthy behaviors and habits: green light for physical exercise, the consumption of healthy food – on all fruit and vegetables – and the use of vitamin supplements such as l ‘folic acid, essential during pregnancy also to reduce the risk of anencephagia and spina bifida in the fetus. Women smokers should stop smoking right now , while alcohol intake (and, of course, also drugs) is not recommended during the gestation period.

first week of pregnancy quit smoking

For many women the pregnancy comes as a surprise : in this case, no fear, analysis and medical history will be made at the first gynecological examination, to be booked once you are pregnant (or if you suspect a pregnancy). And even in this case the time to prepare in the best way for the baby’s arrival is not lacking: the journey that has just begun will last nine months, a good 40 weeks, about 280 days.


During what is considered the second week of pregnancy according to the gestational age calculation ,ie around the 14th day of the menstrual cycle (for regular cycles) ovulation occurs, the period in which the woman is most fertile . The mature egg that is released from the dominant follicle survives only 24 hours, so it is important for those in search of a pregnancy to recognize the symptoms of ovulation .


During what will be referred to as the second week of pregnancy, the woman’s body is subjected to hormonal changes: the follicle, in which the egg is still found, produces estrogen and progesterone . Estrogens are responsible for making the endometrium thicker and for increasing blood flow, progesterone instead takes care of providing nutrients for the egg once it is fertilized by the sperm. In these hours the production of cervical mucus increases, which serves to allow the sperm to survive for several hours inside the woman’s body. During ovulation, a woman’s temperature increases due to the production of the LH hormone: every woman with a regular cycle can calculate the date of her ovulation , albeit with a margin of uncertainty. The calculation is also possible with ovulation tests , which allow the identification of the presence of the LH hormone that increases between 24 and 36 hours before ovulation, the moment in which the woman is most fertile. With ovulation, the egg that has detached from the follicle begins to move along the fallopian tubes. Paying attention to the signals of your body, ovulation can also present some recognizable symptoms : among the most common there are cramps, abdominal tension and intensification of the cervical mucus, which will help the spermatozoa to make their journey.


As in the first week of pregnancy, at this time  the woman’s egg has not yet been fertilized , but is awaiting the man’s spermatozoon. Identifying the time of ovulation favors the possibility of a woman becoming pregnant, since the egg survives only in the following 24 hours: having sexual intercourse in this period of time can increase the probability that at least one of the approximately 300 million spermatozoa released by the during intercourse he can make his way from the vagina to the uterus through the cervix, climbing the fallopian tubes and then penetrating the egg. It is not an easy or a short journey: on average it takes ten hours for the sperm to complete their journey. Near the ovule only 400 will be able to reach it, and only one of them will be able to fertilize it .


Also this week, for women looking for a pregnancy it is advisable to book a consultation with their gynecologist, if they have not already done so, so as to be able to discuss the clinical history  of the woman and her partner and then prepare the analyzes by carry out before geritol and getting pregnant. Among the tests prescribed at this time there are usually blood tests , the  Pap test , the  HIV test , the  chlamydia test and the Toxotest , in addition to further tests eventually prescribed by the same professional, such as the  Rubeo test to identify the immunity to rubella.


This is the right time to engage in sexual activity on which fertilization will depend. In general, the chances of conceiving a child increase from three days before and until the day of ovulation: to promote conception it is advisable to  adopt a healthy lifestyle that includes a good dose of physical activity and a healthy and balanced diet, which privilege fruits and vegetables, as well as eliminate alcohol consumption and stop smoking.

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